Floods are common natural disasters that can affect millions of people around the world. They destroy houses and buildings, and carry soil away from valuable farming land. Floods can also contaminate drinking water and lead to diseases. They are often caused by rivers, but overflowing lakes and seas can also cause flooding.
At least once a year the plains around large rivers are flooded. This is due to the amount of water that rivers bring with them, because of heavy rainfall or melting snow in the mountainous regions. Thunderstorms can cause flash floods, in which small rivers can swell quickly and carry up to ten times the normal amount of water. Rivers that flow slowly carry water, sand and silt. They build up their own beds, making them higher than the land around them. Coastal regions can also be affected by flooding. After earthquakes on the ocean floor tsunamis can bring up to 15-metre high waves and flood the coast many miles inland. Tropical storms, cyclones and hurricanes also lead to flooding. Low-lying countries are in permanent danger of being flooded. A large section of The Netherlands, for example, lie below sea level. In the past, ocean water from the North Sea flooded much of the country. Today a series of dikes and dams protect the land behind the coast.
Floods are also caused by humans. Trees and plants normally help absorb too much water. When forests are cut or burned down, water from rainfall flows down barren land and produces mudslides. Too much water pressure on dams can lead to cracks in the concrete or even cause a dam to break completely.
It is understandable that every single aspect of our living in this earth and all the natural catastrophes is connected with each other. Global warming is one of the dangerous sides that is causing more floods as well. And our scientific team looks at all this issue from the distance – putting in one picture every single aspect and a thread trying to understand where the connection went bad and how to deal with the current situation.
What can we do to manage victim protection of floods?
- Floods can have devastating consequences and can have effects on the economy, environment and people. Today flood protection has a high priority in countries that are in danger. Dams are built along rivers to regulate the flow of water. They are often connected with hydroelectric power plants. In some areas rivers are dredged and their beds are laid deeper. In alpine regions reservoirs are built to hold back water and control the flow of small rivers.
- In many areas, authorities provide quick and unbureaucratic help for people who have suffered from flooding. Special boats pick up people who are trapped on roofs or on the upper floors of buildings. Shelters are set up for people who are left homeless. Rebuilding after massive floods often takes months and sometimes even years. That is why flood forecasting is a sphere which needs to be developed. By being as close as we can to predict exact places, date and amount of the possible danger by flood it is easier to handle the situation before it is too late. It is possible to make stronger dams, try to protect people, animals and their homes from catastrophe and make a unified system with strategy that can work immediate when it is needed.
- Our scientific team is working on flood predict and flood victim recovering program to make a research which consists of every single aspect what causes flood catastrophes and the possible solutions and results of the list of suggestions what can happen if countries take them into consideration. The main idea is to prepare humanity to flood catastrophe at any time – unified system what can deal with the situation effectively and protect every single being as well their homes. Your donation will make our research progress one step forward and some day will save thousands of people lives.
Thank you for understanding and your concerns about flood victims protection.